Until 2015, I had a fantastic job working as an ecology researcher at Charles Sturt University. I left that position in 2015 and now work as a science writer. The list below contains all the scientific papers I wrote before 2015. This list is now historical and will no longer be updated. More recent papers (and other articles) are automatically listed by Google on my Google Scholar site. You can read about my recent work at my new web site.

Many of the older papers listed below have links which will allow you to download a copy of the article. Copyright agreements do not allow me to post newer papers online. For recent papers, the link on the first author’s name will take you to the journal’s website, where you can read the abstract (summary) of the paper.

You can also download copies of many of my papers from my ResearchGate and Google Scholar site. The Google Scholar site also provides links to all papers that have cited my papers and that are cited in my papers. It’s a great resource.


Kent, K., Earl, G., Mullins, B., Lunt, I. and Webster, R. (Eds) (2002). Native Vegetation Guide for the Riverina: Notes for Land Managers on its Management and Revegetation. 412 pp. (Charles Sturt University: Wagga Wagga).

Lunt, I., Barlow, T. and Ross, J. (1998). Plains Wandering: Exploring the Grassy Plains of South-east Australia. (Victorian National Parks Association and Trust for Nature: Melbourne).

Klomp, N. and Lunt, I. (Eds) (1997). Frontiers in Ecology: Building the Links, 344 pp. (Elsevier: London).

Papers and Book Chapters

Coulson C, Spooner PG, Lunt ID & Watson SJ (2014). From the matrix to roadsides and beyond: the role of isolated paddock trees as dispersal points for invasion. Diversity and Distributions 20(2), 137-148.

Smallbone LT, Matthews A, Lunt ID (2014) Regrowth provides complementary habitat for woodland birds of conservation concern in a regenerating agricultural landscape. Landscape and Urban Planning 124, 43-52.

Zeeman BJ, Lunt ID & Morgan JW (2014). Can severe drought reverse woody plant encroachment in a temperate Australian woodland? Journal of Vegetation Science 25(4), 928-936.

Cohn JS, Lunt ID, Bradstock RA & Quan H (2013). Demographic patterns of a widespread long-lived tree are associated with rainfall and disturbances along rainfall gradients in SE Australia. Ecology and Evolution 3(7), 2169-2182. [Free, full text, open access paper]

Ritchie EG, …. Lunt ID et al. [21 co-authors] (2013) Relaxed laws imperil Australian wildlife (correspondence). Nature 498, 434.

Lunt ID, Byrne M, Hellmann JJ, Mitchell NJ, Garnett ST, Hayward MW, Martin TG, McDonald-Madden E, Williams SE & Zander KK (2013). Using assisted colonisation to restore ecosystem function and conserve biodiversity under climate change. Biological Conservation 157, 172–177.

Cohn JS, Lunt ID, Bradstock RA & Koen T (2012). Interactions between dense Callitris regeneration and Eucalyptus and Callitris canopy trees in semiarid woodlands. Australian Journal of Botany, 60(6) 549-558.

Lunt ID, Jansen A & Binns DL (2012). Effects of flood timing and livestock grazing on exotic annual plants in riverine floodplains. Journal of Applied Ecology 49(5), 1131–1139.

Lunt ID, Prober SM & Morgan JW (2012). How do fire regimes affect ecosystem structure, function and diversity in grasslands and grassy woodlands of southern Australia? In: Flammable Australia: Fire Regimes, Biodiversity and Ecosystems in a Changing World. (Eds R.A. Bradstock, A.M. Gill & R.J. Williams).  pp. 253-270. (CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne).

Ross KA, Lunt ID, Bradstock RA, Bedward M & Ellis MV (2012). Did historical tree removal promote woody plant encroachment in Australian woodlands? Journal of Vegetation Science 23(2), 304–312.

Whipp RK, Lunt ID, Spooner PG & Bradstock RA (2012). Changes in forest structure over 60 years: tree densities continue to increase in the Pilliga forests, New South Wales, Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 60(1), 1-8.

Cohn JS, Lunt ID, Ross KA & Bradstock RA (2011). How do slow-growing, fire-sensitive conifers survive in flammable eucalypt woodlands? Journal of Vegetation Science 22, 425-435.

Geddes LS, Lunt ID, Smallbone L & Morgan JW (2011). Old field colonization by native trees and shrubs following land use change: could this be Victoria’s largest example of landscape recovery? Ecological Management and Restoration 12(1), 31-36.

Lunt ID, Zimmer HC & Cheal DC (2011). The tortoise and the hare? Post-fire regeneration in mixed Eucalyptus-Callitris forest. Australian Journal of Botany 59, 575-581. [This is an Open Access article, and a full copy of the paper can be downloaded from the journal’s web site for free]

Schultz NL, Morgan JW & Lunt ID (2011). Effects of grazing exclusion on plant species richness and phytomass accumulation vary across a regional productivity gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science 22, 130-142.

Eldridge DJ & Lunt ID (2010). Resilience of soil seed banks to site degradation in intermittently flooded riverine woodlands. Journal of Vegetation Science 21, 157-166.

Lunt ID, Winsemius LM, McDonald SP, Morgan JW & Dehaan RL (2010). How widespread is woody plant encroachment in temperate Australia? Changes in woody vegetation cover in lowland woodland and coastal ecosystems in Victoria from 1989 to 2005. Journal of Biogeography 37, 722-732.

Skinner A, Lunt I, McIntyre S, Spooner P & Lavorel S (2010) Eucalyptus recruitment in degraded woodlands: no benefit from elevated soil fertility. Plant Ecology 208, 359-370.

Spooner PG, Lunt ID & Smallbone L (2010) Using growth-form attributes to identify pre-settlement woodland trees in central NSW, Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 58, 188-197.

Bennett AF, Haslem, A., Cheal, D.C., Clarke, M.F., Jones, R.N., Koehn, J.D., Lake, P.S., Lumsden, L.F., Lunt, I.D., Mackey, B.G., Mac Nally, R., Menkhorst, P.W., New, T.R., Newell, G.R., O’Hara, T., Quinn, G.P., Radford, J.Q., Robinson, D., Watson, J.E.M., Yen, A.L. (2009). Ecological processes: a key element in strategies for nature conservation. Ecological Management and Restoration 10(3), 192-199.

Close DC, Davidson, N.J., Johnson, D.W., Abrams, M.D., Hart, S.C., Lunt, I.D., Archibald, R.D., Horton, B. & Adams, M.A. (2009). Premature decline of Eucalyptus and altered ecosystem processes in the absence of fire in some Australian forests. Botanical Review 75, 191-202.

O’Bryan, K., Prober, S.M., Lunt, I.D., & Eldridge, D.J. (2009). Frequent fire promotes diversity and cover of biological soil crusts in a derived temperate grassland. Oecologia, 159(4) 827-838.

Prober, S.M. & Lunt, I.D. (2009). Restoration of Themeda australis swards suppresses soil nitrate and enhances ecological resistance to invasion by exotic annuals. Biological Invasions, 11(2), 171-181.

Skinner, A.K., Lunt, I.D., Spooner, P.G. & McIntyre, S. (2009). The effect of soil compaction on germination and early growth of Eucalyptus albens and an exotic annual grass. Austral Ecology 34(6), 698-704.

Whipp, R.K., Lunt, I.D., Deane, A. & Spooner, P.G. (2009). Historical forest survey data from Eucalyptus-Callitris forests: a valuable resource for long-term vegetation studies. Australian Journal of Botany 57, 541-555.

Prober, S.M., Lunt, I.D. & Thiele, K.R. (2008). Effects of fire frequency and mowing on a temperate, derived grassland soil in south-eastern Australia. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 17, 586-594.

Smallbone, L., Lunt, I.D. & Prober, S.M. (2008). Soil nitrate promotes growth of an exotic grass more than native forbs. Ecological Management and Restoration, 9(1), 60-63.

Lunt ID, Eldridge DJ, Morgan JW & Witt GB (2007). Turner Review. A framework to predict the effects of livestock grazing and grazing exclusion on conservation values in natural ecosystems in Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 54(4), 401-415.

Lunt ID, Jansen A, Binns DL & Kenny SA (2007). Long-term effects of exclusion of grazing stock on degraded herbaceous plant communities in a riparian Eucalyptus camaldulensis forest in south-eastern Australia. Austral Ecology 32, 937-949.

Prober SM, Thiele KR & Lunt, I.D. (2007). Fire frequency regulates tussock grass composition, structure and resilience in endangered temperate woodlands. Austral Ecology 32(7), 808-824.

Smallbone LT, Prober SM & Lunt ID (2007). Restoration treatments enhance early establishment of native forbs in a degraded temperate grassy woodland. Australian Journal of Botany 55, 818-830.

Coates F, Lunt ID & Tremblay RL (2006). Effects of disturbance on population dynamics of the threatened orchid Prasophyllum correctum D.L. Jones and implications for grassland management in south-eastern Australia. Biological Conservation 129(1), 59-69.

Edmonds T, Lunt ID, Roshier DA & Louis J. (2006). Annual variation in the distribution of summer snowdrifts in the Kosciuszko alpine area, Australia, and its effect on the composition and structure of alpine vegetation. Austral Ecology 31(7), 837­848.

Lunt ID, Jones N, Spooner PG & Petrow M (2006). Effects of European colonization on indigenous ecosystems: post-settlement changes in tree stand structures in EucalyptusCallitris woodlands in central New South Wales, Australia. Journal of Biogeography 33, 1102–1115.

Cole I & Lunt ID (2005). Restoring kangaroo grass (Themeda triandra) to grassland and woodland understoreys: a review of establishment requirements and restoration exercises in SE Australia. Ecological Management and Restoration 6(1), 28-33.

Cole I, Lunt ID & Koen T (2005). Effects of sowing treatment and landscape position on establishment of the perennial tussock grass Themeda triandra (Poaceae) in degraded Eucalyptus woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Restoration Ecology 13(3), 552-561.

Lunt ID, Coates F & Spooner P (2005). Grassland indicator species predict flowering of endangered Gaping Leek-orchid (Prasophyllum correctum D.L. Jones). Ecological Management and Restoration 6(1), 69-71.

Lunt ID & Spooner PG (2005). Using historical ecology to understand patterns of biodiversity in fragmented agricultural landscapes. Journal of Biogeography 32(11), 1859-1873.

Prober SM, Thiele KR, Lunt ID & Koen TB (2005). Restoring ecological function in temperate grassy woodlands: manipulating soil nutrients, exotic annuals and native perennial grasses through carbon supplements and spring burns. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 1073-1085.

Cole I, Lunt ID & Koen T (2004). Effects of soil disturbance, weed control and mulch treatments on establishment of Themedatriandra (Poaceae) in a degraded white box (Eucalyptus albens) woodland in central New South Wales. Australian Journal of Botany 52(5), 629-637.

Michael DR, Lunt ID. & Robinson WA (2004). Enhancing fauna habitat in grazed native grasslands and woodlands: use of artificially-placed log refuges by fauna. Wildlife Research 31(1), 65-71.

Spooner PG & Lunt ID (2004). The influence of land-use history on roadside conservation values in an Australian agricultural landscape. Australian Journal of Botany 52(4), 445-458.

Spooner PG, Lunt ID & Briggs SV (2004). Spatial analysis of anthropogenic disturbance regimes and roadside shrubs in a fragmented agricultural landscape. Applied Vegetation Science 7, 61-70.

Spooner PG, Lunt ID, Briggs SV & Freudenberger D (2004). Effects of soil disturbance from roadworks on roadside shrubs in a fragmented agricultural landscape. Biological Conservation 117(4), 393-406.

Spooner PG, Lunt ID, Okabe A & Shiode S (2004). Spatial analysis of roadside Acacia populations on a road network using the network K-function. Landscape Ecology 19, 491-499.

Lunt ID (2003). A protocol for integrated management, monitoring and enhancement of degraded Themeda triandra grasslands based on plantings of indicator species. Restoration Ecology 11(2), 223-230.

Michael DR, Lunt ID & Robinson WA (2003). Terrestrial vertebrate fauna of grasslands and grassy woodlands in Terrick Terrick National Park, northern Victoria. Victorian Naturalist 120(5), 164-171.

Lunt ID (2002). Grazed, burnt and cleared: how ecologists have studied century-scale vegetation changes in Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 50(4), 391-407.

Lunt ID & Morgan JW (2002). The role of fire regimes in temperate lowland grasslands of south-eastern Australia. In Flammable Australia: The Fire Regimes and Biodiversity of a Continent, Eds R. Bradstock, J. Williams and A.M. Gill. pp. 177-196. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Oliver I, Smith PL, Lunt I & Parkes D (2002). Pre-1750 vegetation, naturalness and vegetation condition: what are the implications for biodiversity conservation? Ecological Management and Restoration 3(3), 176-178.

Prober SM, Thiele KR & Lunt ID (2002). Identifying ecological barriers to restoration in temperate grassy woodlands: soil changes associated with different degradation states. Australian Journal of Botany 50(6), 699-712.

Prober SM, Lunt ID & Thiele K (2002). Determining reference conditions for management and restoration of temperate grassy woodlands: relationships among trees, topsoils and understorey flora in little-grazed remnants. Australian Journal of Botany 50(6), 687-697.

Spooner P, Lunt I & Robinson W (2002). Is fencing enough? The short-term effects of stock exclusion in remnant grassy woodlands in southern NSW. Ecological Management and Restoration, 3(2), 117-126.

Lunt, I. (2001). Invited Editorial: Enhancing the links between restoration ecology and ecological restoration. Ecological Management and Restoration, 2(1), 3-4.

Lunt, I., Parker, D. and Robinson, W. (2001). Assessing changes in cypress pine forests from old stumps. In Perfumed Pineries: Environmental History of Australia’s Callitris Forests, pp. 56-62, Eds. J. Dargavel, D. Hart and B. Libbis. (Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Australian National University: Canberra).

Costello, D.A., Lunt, I.D. and Williams, J.E. (2000). Effects of invasion by the indigenous shrub Acacia sophorae on plant composition of coastal grasslands in south-eastern Australia. Biological Conservation 96(1), 113-121.

Lunt, I.D. and Bennett, A.F. (2000). Temperate woodlands in Victoria: distribution, composition and conservation. In Temperate Eucalypt Woodlands in Australia: Biology, Conservation, Management and Restoration, Eds R.J. Hobbs and C.J. Yates. pp. 17-31. (Surrey Beatty and Sons: Chipping Norton NSW).

Lunt, I. D. and Morgan, J. W. (2000). Can competition from Themeda triandra inhibit invasion by the perennial exotic grass Nassella neesiana in native grasslands? Plant Protection Quarterly 15(3), 92-94.

Parker, D. and Lunt, I.D. (2000). Stand structure and recruitment patterns in CallitrisEucalyptus woodlands in Terrick Terrick National Park, Victoria. Victorian Naturalist 117(6), 207-213.

Lunt, I. D. and Morgan, J. W. (1999). Vegetation changes after 10 years of grazing exclusion and intermittent burning in a Themeda triandra (Poaceae) grassland reserve in south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 47(4), 537-552.

Lunt, I.D. and Morgan, J.W. (1999). Effect of fire frequency on plant composition at the Laverton North Grassland Reserve, Victoria. Victorian Naturalist, 116, 84-90.

Morgan, J.W. and Lunt, I.D. (1999). Effects of time-since-fire on the tussock dynamics of a dominant grass (Themeda triandra) in a temperate Australian grassland. Biological Conservation 88, 379-386.

Lunt, I.D. (1998). Two hundred years of land use and vegetation change in a remnant coastal woodland in southern Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 46(6), 629-647.

Lunt, I.D. (1998). Allocasuarina (Casuarinaceae) invasion of an undisturbed coastal woodland at Ocean Grove, Victoria: structural changes, 1971 – 1996. Australian Journal of Botany 46(6), 649-656.

Lunt, I.D. (1997). Effects of long-term vegetation management on remnant grassy forests and anthropogenic native grasslands in south-eastern Australia. Biological Conservation 81, 287-297.

Lunt, I.D. (1997). Germinable soil seed banks of anthropogenic native grasslands and grassy forest remnants in temperate south-eastern Australia. Plant Ecology 131(1), 21-34.

Lunt, I.D. (1997). A multivariate growth-form analysis of grassland and forest forbs in south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 45(4), 691-705.

Lunt, I.D. (1997). The distribution and environmental relationships of native grasslands on the lowland Gippsland Plain, Victoria: an historical study. Australian Geographical Studies 35(2), 140-152.

Lunt, I.D. (1997). Tree densities last century on the lowland Gippsland plain, Victoria. Australian Geographical Studies, 35(3), 342-348.

Lunt, I.D. (1996). A transient soil seed bank for the Yam-daisy Microseris scapigera. Victorian Naturalist 113, 16-19.

Lunt, I.D. (1995). Seed longevity of six native forbs in a closed Themeda triandra grassland. Australian Journal of Botany 43, 439-449.

Lunt, I.D. (1995). European management of remnant grassy forests and woodlands in south-eastern Australia – past, present and future? Victorian Naturalist 112, 239-249.

Lunt, I.D. (1994). The extinct grasslands of the lowland Gippsland plains. In Conservation of Lowland Native Grasslands in South-eastern Australia, eds K. McDougall & J.B. Kirkpatrick, pp. 9-12. (Worldwide Fund for Nature Australia: Sydney).

Lunt, I.D. (1994). Variation in flower production of nine grassland species with time since fire, and implications for grassland management and restoration. Pacific Conservation Biology 1, 359-366.

Lunt, I.D. (1991). Management of remnant lowland grasslands and grassy woodlands for nature conservation: a review. Victorian Naturalist 108, 56-66.

Lunt, I.D. (1990). Species-area curves and growth-form spectra for some herb-rich woodlands in western Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 15, 155-161.

Lunt, I.D. (1990). A floristic survey of the Derrimut Grassland Reserve, Melbourne, Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 102, 41-51.

Lunt, I.D. (1990). The soil seed bank of a long-grazed Themeda triandra grassland in Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 102, 53-57.

Lunt, I.D. (1990). Impact of an autumn fire on a long-grazed Themeda triandra (Kangaroo Grass) grassland: implications for management of invaded, remnant vegetations. Victorian Naturalist 107, 45-51.